What Types of Pleadings are Permitted under Florida Law?

Rule 1.100(a) of the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure expressly provides that the following pleadings are the only pleadings allowed:

  • a complaint or, when so designated by a statute or rule, a petition, and an answer to it;
  • an answer to a counterclaim denominated as such;
  • an answer to a crossclaim if the answer contains a crossclaim;
  • a third-party complaint if a person who was not an original party is summoned as a third-party defendant; and a third-party answer if a third-party complaint is served.

The Rule further provides:  "If an answer or third-party answer contains an affirmative defense and the opposing party seeks to avoid it, the opposing party must file a reply containing the avoidance."

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